Vocabulary 10


Vocabulary

Daily words do more than just add words to your vocabulary.It teaches ideas and a method of broadening knowledge as an integral part of the vocabulary building process.So lets connected with the words and strong your vocabulary.





1. ABANDON: To give up completely – abandoned the sinking ship.
 
Synonyms: relinquish, forgo, forsake
 
 
 
2. ABASH: To lose self-confidence; to confuse, put to shame – abashed before the assembled dignitaries.
 
Synonyms: fluster, disconcert, discomfit, discompose.
 
Antonym: (adj.) self-possessed
 
 
 
3. ABDICATE: To give up claim to – abdicated the throne.
 
Synonyms: renounce, abandon, relinquish
 
 
 
4. ABET: To encourage -or support – treacherously abetted the enemy.
 
Synonyms: spur, incite.
 
Antonym: deter
 
 
 

5. ABRIDGE: To shorten – abridged his lengthy speech.
 
Synonyms: curtail, diminish, retrench.
 
Antonyms: protract, elongate, amplify
 
 
 

6. ABROGATE: To abolish or render void – a treaty abrogated by mutual consent.
 
Synonyms: annul, nullify, rescind, void.
 
 
 
7.ABSTEMIOUS: Moderate in the use of food or drink – abstemious in his habits.
 
Synonym: temperate
 
 
 
8. ACADEMIC: Pertaining to school; theoretical academic interests; an academic discussion, with no practical implications.
 
Synonym: scholastic
 
 
 
9. ACCEDE: To agree to – accede to a request.
 
Synonym: assent.
 
Antonym: demur
 
 
 
10. ACCELERATE: – To quicken, speed tip – took an accelerated course in order to graduate early.
 
Synonym: expedite (adj. expeditious).
 
Antonym: retard.
 
 
 




11. ACCOLADE: An award or salute – a tremendous accolade for a returning hero.
 
Synonyms: tribute, ovation
 
 
 
12. ACCORD: Agreement or harmony – in full accord with his view.
 
Synonyms: concord, concurrence.
 
Antonyms: dissension, discord
 
 
 
13.ACRIMONIOUS: Sharp or harsh in language or temper – stung by the acrimonious remark.
 
Synonyms: caustic, acerb, pungent, tart, mordant, acrid; (noun) asperity.
 
Antonyms: suave, affable,
 
 
 
14.ACUMEN: Keenness of mind or insight – showing exceptional business acumen.
 
Synonyms: perspicacity, discernment, perception.
 
Antonym: obtuseness.
 
 
 

15.ADMONISH (noun: ADMONITION): To warn or find fault gently – admonishing the unruly child.
 
Synonyms: chide, caution, reprimand, reprehend, reproach.
 
 
 
16.ADVERSARY: (adj.: ADVERSE): An opponent – his adversary in a bitter debate. Synonym: antagonist.
 
Antonyms: cohort, confederate, ally, accomplice.
 
 
 
17.ADVERSITY: Misfortune – calm in the face of adversity.
 
Synonyms: affliction, mischance, reverses.
 

18.AESTHETIC: Pertaining to the beautiful – interested in aesthetic values rather than in purely practical affairs.
19.AFFABLE: Sociable, courteous, and agreeable in the manner a much admired, affable gentleman. Synonyms: civil, complaisant, benign, gracious, genial, urbane, cordial.
 

Antonyms: curt, brusque, rude, boorish, surly.
 
20.AFFLUENT: Prosperous, flourishing; copious – a large bequest from an affluent grandfather.
Synonyms: opulent, profuse.
 
Antonyms: destitute, impecunious.
 
 
 




21.AGGRESSIVE (noun: AGGRESSION. an unprovoked attack): self-assertive; attacking, offensive -annoyed people by his aggressive attitude.
 
Synonyms: bumptious, officious, obtrusive.
 
Antonyms: meek, humble, retiring, diffident.
 
22.ALACRITY: Eagerness; cheerful promptness – responded to the flattering offer with alacrity.
 
Synonyms: celerity, briskness, energy, animation.
 
Antonyms: apathy, nonchalance, sluggishness, lethargy, phlegmatism.
 
 
 
23.ALLAY: To calm; to lessen in severity – at ease now that his fears have been allayed.
 
Synonyms: appease, alleviate, pacify, assuage, abate, mitigate, propitiate, mollify, placate.
 
Antonyms: intensify, aggravate.
 
 
 
24.ALLUDE (noun: ALLUSION): To refer to indirectly – alluded quite subtly to his friend’s misfortune.
 
Synonyms: insinuate, intimate, imply.
 
Antonyms: refer, cite.
 
 
 
25.ALLURE: To tempt by flattery or an attractive offer – allured by the prospect of a new job.
 
Synonyms: lure, decoy, inveigle, entice, seduce, wheedle, beguile, cajole.
 
Antonym: repel.
 
 
 
26.AMBIGUOUS: Uncertain, vague, capable of being inter- in more than one way – puzzled by the ambiguous statement.
 
Synonyms: hazy, obscure, equivocal, dubious, nebulous.
 
Antonyms: explicit, unquestionable.
 
 
 
27.AMENABLE: Obedient; willing to submit – amenable to the suggestion.
 
Synonyms: tractable, docile, responsive.
 
Antonyms: intractable, refractory, recalcitrant.
 
 
 

28.AMIABLE: Good-natured; friendly – attracted friends by his amiable disposition.
 
Synonym: complaisant.
 
 
 

29.ANALOGY (adj.: ANALOGOUS): A relation between two things shown in the resemblance not of the things themselves but of their characteristics – He indicated points of analogy between the two situations.
 
Synonyms: correspondence, affinity.
 
Antonym: anomaly (a deviation from the general rule).
 
 
 

30.ANARCHY: State of confusion or lawlessness – a country brought to utter anarchy by civil war.
 
Synonyms: chaos, pandemonium.
 
 
 




31.ANIMUS: A feeling of hatred-felt no animus, even against the enemy.
 
Synonyms: enmity, rancor, malevolence, animosity.
 
Antonym: amity.
 
 
 
32.ANNALS: Historical records – in the annals of literature.
 
ANONYMOUS: Of unknown authorship-an anonymous publication.
 
 
 
33.ANTHOLOGY: A collection of choice literary works – an anthology of modern poetry.
 
 
 
34.ANTITHESIS (adj.: ANTITHETICAL): Contrast; the direct opposite – His selfish attitude seemed to me the antithesis o patriotism.
 
 
 
35.APATHY (adj.: APATHETIC): Lack of feeling, emotion, or interest – attributed his failure to apathy, rather than lack of ability.
 
Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness, languor, lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languish.
 
Antonyms: zeal, animation.
 
 
 
36.APPREHENSIVE (verb: APPREHEND): Fearful – Being unprepared, John is apprehensive of the examination.
 
 
 
37.APPRISE: To inform -apprised his lieutenants of the new situation.
 
 
 

38.APPROBATION: Approval; praise -a plan that met with hearty approbation.
 
Synonyms: sanction, commendation.
 
Antonym: disapprobation.
 
 
 

39.ARBITER: A person who has authority to decide matters in dispute – a fair decision rendered by the arbiter.
 
Synonyms: mediator, arbitrator
 
 
 
40.ARCHETYPE: An original pattern – copies reproduced from the archetype.
 
Synonym: prototype.
 
Antonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replica.
 
 
 
41.ARID: Dry; barren – the arid desert land.
 
Synonyms: jejune, parched.
 
Antonyms: arable, fertile.
 
 
 
42.ARISTOCRACY: Government by the best people; a privileged class -special privileges enjoyed by the aristocracy.
 
Synonym: oligarchy. Antonym: democracy.
 
 
 
43.ARMISTICE: A temporary suspension of hostilities. The armistice halted the war.
 
Synonym: truce
 
 
 
44.ARTFUL: Sly; crafty – attained his mean objective by artful measures.
 
Synonyms: cunning, wily, adroit, ingenious, guileful.
 
Antonyms: guileless, ingenuous, artless.
 
 
 
ASCETIC: Rigorously self-denying – pursued the ascetic life of a monk.
 
Synonyms: austere, abstinent.
 
Antonyms: wanton, self-indulgent.
 
 
 
46.ASSEVERATE: To declare positively; to confirm – asseverated his views with conviction.
 
Synonyms: assert, avouch, aver, avow, allege.
 
Antonyms: gainsay, controvert, recant, rescind, abjure, disavow.
 
 
 
47.ASSIDUOUS: Industrious – an assiduous worker, toiling long hours.  
Synonyms: sedulous, attentive, diligent, indefatigable.
 
Antonyms: indolent, slothful.
 
 
 
48.ASYLUM: A place offering shelter and retreat – found asylum from persecution.
 
Synonyms: sanctuary, refuge.
 
 
 
49.ATHEIST: One who denies that God exists – The atheist declared, “There is no God.”
 
Synonyms: infidel, agnostic, skeptic.
 
 
 
50.ATTRIBUTE (verb): Assign -attributed his success to bard work.
 
Synonym: ascribe (noun): An inherent quality -Generosity was his outstanding attribute.
 
 
 




51.AUGMENT: To increase or enlarge – an army augmented by numerous enlistments.
 
Synonyms: enhance, amplify.
 
Antonyms: abate, curtail.
 
 
 
52.AUSPICIOUS: Indicating a happy outcome – The prospect for this project appears auspicious.
 
Synonyms: propitious, fortunate.
 
Antonyms: ominous, foreboding.
 
 
 
53.AUTHENTIC: Genuine -proved to be an authentic document.
 
Synonyms: veritable, bona fide.
 
Antonyms: apocryphal, counterfeit, spurious, bogus.
 
 
 
54.AUTOCRATIC: Despotic – feared by the masses as an autocratic ruler.
 
Synonym: tyrannical.
 
Antonym: benevolent.
 
55.AVARICE: Excessive greed – a fortune accumulated by avarice and miserliness.
 
Synonyms: covetousness, cupidity, avidity.
 
Antonym: magnanimity.
 
 
 
56AWRY: Unsymmetrical; not straight – the picture, hanging awry on the wall.
 
Synonym: askew.
 
 
 
57.BANAL: Lacking in freshness, originality, or vigor-bored by his banal remarks.
 
Synonyms: commonplace, hackneyed, prosaic, trite, stereotyped, vapid.
 
Antonyms: racy, original, vivid.
 
 
 
58.BANEFUL (noun: BANE: poison; source of harm): Destructive, poisonous – a baneful effect, causing serious injury.
 
Synonyms: deleterious, pernicious, virulent, noxious, toxic.
 
Antonym: beneficent.
 
 
 
59.BANTER: Good-natured teasing or ridicule-The two wits I exchanged banter, to the amusement of the audience.
 
Synonyms: raillery, chaff
 
 
 
60.BELIE: To give a false idea of – His gracious manner belled his evil purpose.
 
Synonym: misrepresent
 
 
 

61.BENEVOLENT: Kindly; charitable – like a benevolent monarch, bestowing many favors.
 
Synonyms: benign, benignant, gracious, magnanimous.
 
Antonyms: malevolent, malignant.
 
 
 

62.BESMIRCH: To soil or dirty – besmirched his opponent’s good name with vile epithets.
 
Synonyms: stilly, defile, smirch, bespatter.
 
 
 
63.BIASED: Prejudiced – misled by a biased point of view.
 
Synonyms: bigoted, arbitrary, partial, partisan.
 
Antonyms: disinterested, equitable.
 
 
 
64.BIBLIOPHILE: A lover of books – The bibliophile fingered the old book fondly.
 
Antonym: bibliophobe.
 
 
 
65.BIZARRE: Queer; unusual in appearance- bizarre clothes, outlandish in the extreme.
 
Synonyms: odd, fantastic, grotesque, eccentric.
 
 
 
66.BLAND: Gentle; polite; agreeable – a bland diet, without irritating foods.
 
Synonyms: mild, suave (affable or persuasive in manner), soothing, non-irritating.
 
Antonyms: piquant, tart, racy, caustic, acrid, pungent.
 
 
 
67.BLIGHT: To ruin or decay – the rotting wheat, blighted by incessant rain.
 
Synonyms: wither, blast
 
 
 
68.BLITHE: Gay and light-hearted in spirit or mood – spread cheer with her blithe spirit.
 
Synonyms: jocund, merry, joyous.
 
Antonyms: dejected, forlorn, abject.
 
 
 
69.BOG: A swamp – sank into the spongy bog.
 
Synonyms: morass, fen, quagmire, mire.
 
 
 
70.BOMBASTIC (noun: BOMBAST): High-sounding; pretentious in language – a bombastic speech, inflated with meaningless high-flown words.
 




Synonyms: ranting, pompous, fustian.
 
71.BOORISH: Unrefined in speech or manners – exhibited the boorish manners of a backwoodsman.
 
Synonyms: churlish, uncouth, uncultured, crass.
 
Antonym: suave.
 
 
 
72.BUCOLIC: Pertaining to the country – a bucolic poem – the joys of the shepherd.
 
Synonyms: pastoral, rustic, rural.
 
 
 
73.BUFFOON: A clown – acting like a buffoon, full of ludicrous tricks.
 
Synonym: harlequin.
 
 
 
74.BUMPTIOUS: Obnoxiously conceited or self-assertive – a bumptious monitor, puffed up with his own importance.
 
Synonyms: aggressive, arrogant, contumelious, overbearing.
 
 
 
75.CABAL: A small group of persons engaged in plotting – a cabal of prominent persons united to overthrow the government.
 
Synonyms: junto, faction.
 
 
 

76.CACOPHONOUS: Unharmonious sounding – a cacophonous blare of trumpets, noisy and discordant.
 
Synonyms: dissonant, discordant, blatant, strident, raucous.
 
Antonyms: mellifluous, euphonious, dulcet.

77.CADAVEROUS: Corpselike; hence, haggard, pale -His face appeared cadaverous from long imprisonment.
 
Synonyms: ghastly, gaunt, pallid (noun: pallor), wan, ashen.
 
Antonyms: rubicund, florid.
 
 
 
78.CALLOUS: Unfeeling or insensitive – made callous by long suffering.
 
Synonyms: insensible, obdurate.
 
 
 
79.CALUMNIATE: To accuse falsely or maliciously in order to injure another’s reputation; slander – calumniated his political opponent by spreading false rumors.
 
Synonyms: asperse, vilify, defame, scandalize.
 
 
 
80.CANDID (noun: CANDOR): Frank, outspoken; impartial a candid reply that could hardly be more forthright.
 
Synonyms: artless, ingenuous, unbiased.
 
Antonyms: guileful, evasive.
 
 
 

81.CANTANKEROUS: Ill-natured; quarrelsome – showed a cantankerous and sullen disposition.
 
Synonyms: petulant, peevish, contentious, pugnacious, testy, choleric, fretful.
 
Antonyms: amiable, affable, equable.
 
 
 

82.CAPRICIOUS: Inclined, through some whim or fancy change the mind, purpose, or actions suddenly – a capricious person, undependable in mood or temper.  
Synonyms: fickle, fitful, changeable, erratic, inconstant, crotchety, whimsical, mercurial.
 
Antonyms: steadfast, constant, even-tempered.
 
 
 
83.CAPTIOUS: Quick to find fault about trifles- a captious critic pouncing on slight laws.
 
Synonyms: hypercritical, carping, carviling, censorious.
 
 
 

84.CASTIGATE: To punish or criticize severely – castigated for using improper language.
 
Synonyms: reprove, upbraid, reprehend, censure, reprimand, chasten.
 
Antonyms: commend, eulogize, laud.
 
 
 
85.CELESTIAL: Pertaining to the sky; heavenly-a celestial pageant of bright stars.
 
Synonyms: ethereal; (noun) firmament.
 
 
 

86.CHICANERY: Trickery, deception,- practised chicanery all his shady dealings.
 
Synonyms: duplicity, craft, stratagem, wile, subterfuge.
 
 
 
87.CHRONIC: Continuing a long time; habitual-a. chronic complaint, persisting for years.
 
Synonyms: persistent, unremitting, inveterate, incessant, constant.
 
Antonyms: intermittent, sporadic, infrequent.
 
 
 
88.CIRCUMSPECT: Cautious – looked about him circumspectly.
 
Synonyms: prudent, vigilant, discreet, wary.
 
Antonyms: rash, indiscreet, reckless, precipitate, foothardy, temerarious, headstrong.
 
 
 
89.CIRCUMVENT: To gain an advantage by the use of trick to evade by the use of deception; to go around – circumvented the law by evasive practices.
 
Synonyms: thwart, balk, outwit, delude.
 
 
 
90.CLAMOROUS: Loud and noisy – a clamorous outburst the crowd outside.
 
Synonyms: vociferous, obstreperous, blatant, raucous, strident.
 
Antonyms: muted, quiet.
 
 
 




91.CLANDESTINE: Secret; stealthy – a clandestine meeting known only to a few.
 
Synonyms: furtive, covert, surreptitious.
 
Antonyms: overt, manifest, above-board.
 
 
 
92.CLEMENT: Merciful; gentle – a clement judge who tempered justice with leniency.
 
Synonyms: compassionate, forbearing. Antonyms: relentless, ruthless.
 
 
 
93.COALITION (verb: COALESCE): Alliance; merging of various units into one unit – three parties forming a coalition to rule the country.
 
Synonyms: amalgamation, consolidation, fusion.
 
 
 
94.COERCION: Compelling a person by physical force or other means to do something against his will – rendered his services without the slightest coercion.
 
Synonyms: constraint, restraint, impelling.
 
 
 
95.COGENT: Having the force to compel, usually by appealing to reason – persuaded by cogent arguments.
 
Synonym: persuasive.
 
 
 
96.COLLUSION: Working together secretly for an evil purpose – acted in collusion to overthrow the government.
 
Synonyms: collaboration, conspiracy, conniving, machination.
 
 
 
97.COMMODIOUS: Roomy – a commodious apartment.
 
Synonyms: spacious, capacious, ample.
 
 
 
98.COMPATIBLE: Harmonious; able, to get along together parted company because they were not compatible.
 
Synonyms: congruous, consistent.
 
Antonyms: incongruous, discordant, incompatible.
 
 
 

99.COMPENSATION: Payment for services – just compensation for his labor.
 
Synonyms: stipend, remuneration, recompense, emolument.
 
 
 
100.COMPLACENT: Self-satisfied – looked on his own performance with a complacent smile.
 
Synonym: smug.
 
 
 
101.COMPUNCTION: Regret for wrongdoing – displayed slight compunction for his misdeed.
 
Synonyms: contrition, penitence, atonement, remorse, qualm.
 
 
 
102.CONCEDE: To yield; to admit as true; to grant – conceded victory to a superior force.
 
Synonyms: acquiesce, capitulate.
 
 
 

103.CONDOLE (noun: CONDOLENCE): To express sympathy with another in sorrow, pain, or misfortune – condoled with each other in their grief.
 
Synonyms: commiserate, show compassion, solace.
 
 
 





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